Title in original language: Slovenská literatúra a kultúra v českej publicistike Františka Votrubu (1909–1918)
Author: Dana Hučková
Title in English: Slovak literature and culture in the Czech journalism of František Votruba (1909– 1918)
Journal: Česko-slovenská historická ročenka 25, 1, 2023, pp. 11-27
Abstract: Czech-Slovak reciprocity was an integral part of the personal life program of František Votruba (1880–1953), which began in his his early youth, when he decided to leave his native Bohemia and move to Slovakia for work. In 1902, he came to Ružomberok to participate in the the publication of the newspaper Slovenské listy, which the publisher Karol Salva published in 1897–1900 to promote Czech-Slovak reciprocity. In the middle of 1903, he accepted Milan Hodža’s offer to contribute to the the publication of the political newspaper Slovenský týždenník, newly founded by Hodža; he moved from Ružomberok to Budapest, where he lived until the beginning of 1911. He later joined of the “group of Pest residents”, which co-created a new form of Slovak politics and culture. Through Hodža, Votruba became acquainted with the Slovak agrarian movement. He identified with the opinion that support for the Slovak national program should be sought among the Slovak farmers; the Agrarian movement should support them by solving their economic and social problems. Votruba added to that principal program his own ideas: the farmers’ need for education and culture through popular and educational texts. From the end of the first decade of the 20th century until the war years, he published in Czech periodicals, informing the Czech public about Slovak political, economic, cultural and literary conditions; furthermore, he reminded Czech readers of the importance of Czech activities for the dynamism of Slovak life, suggesting tasks for Slovakia. His goal was to promote the efforts of the first and second generation of the Hlasist movement and their magazines Hlas, Slovenský obzor and Prúdy. His interpretation of the relationship between Slovaks and Czechs were creating a historical narrative and a myth.
Keywords: František Votruba, cultural journalism, Czech-Slovak reciprocity, Hlasism