Title in original language: Revolúcia majetková a vlastnícka 1938–1948 (Rozklad vlastníckych práv na Slovensku a v ČSR – celkový vývoj)
Author: Ľudovít Hallon
Title in English: The Revolution in property and ownership 1938–1948: The disintegration of property rights in Slovakia and Czechoslovakia: an Overall Perspective
Journal: Česko-slovenská historická ročenka 25, 2, 2023, pp. 123-151
Abstract: The common denominator of the development of the economy and property relations in the territory of Slovakia and the former Czechoslovakia in the years 1938– 1948 was the process of disruption and subsequent dissolution of private property and property rights of individual population groups against the background of the genesis of two totalitarian regimes, which gradually shaped and promoted the idea of a revolutionary change of ownership. At the same time, this process was implemented in connection with international state law, national-political, economic-political, military-political and social developments. He followed up on the state‘s interventions in property rights in the conditions of interwar Czechoslovakia, especially the land reform. However, a characteristic phenomenon after 1938 was the radicalization of programs to change ownership relations, the premise of which was the radicalization of the political systems of the time. The changes in ownership gradually took the form of the Arization of Jewish property, the confiscation of the property of persons and entire national groups actually or allegedly collaborating with the wartime totalitarian regime and Nazi Germany, further the form of nationalization of the corporate sphere and the form of radical land reform.
Keywords: Revolution, Slovakia, Czechoslovakia, ownership, rights