Title in original language: Revoluce národní a sociální 1848/1849 Uhry v Rakousku, Slovensko v Uhrách: revoluce v revoluci
Author: Jan Rychlík
Title in English: The national and social revolutions of 1848/1849. Hungary in Austria, Slovakia in Hungary: Revolutions within the revolution
Journal: Česko-slovenská historická ročenka 25, 2, 2023, pp. 25-53
Abstract: In 1848-49 most of continental Europe was affected by revolution, which in Central and Eastern Europe was connected with national movements of particular nations. While the Germans, Italians and Romanians demanded national unification in one nation-state, in Austrian Empire the situation was oposite: particular nations demanded collective national rights, territorial home-rule and far reaching political autonomy. Hungarians on one hand fought for their independence and full national self-determination against Vienna and wanted to separate from Austrian Empire, but simultaneously refused to grant collective national rights to particular nations living in Hungary. This brought the non-Magyars, e. g: the Serbs of Vojvodina, the Croats, the Romanians in Transylvania and also the Slovaks to oposition and finaly to revolt against the Hungarian revolution on the side of Vienna Court. The essay describes the split among Slovaks vis-à-vis the Hungarian revolution. Many Slovaks joined the Hungarian National Guards and fought against the Imperial Austrian Army, while others joined the Slovak legions fighting against these National Guards alongside Imperial Army.
Keywords: The 1848 Revolution, the 1848–1849 Hungarian Revolution and Slovak Uprising